Moscow Duma deputies included in the response to the bill on renovation of the housing stock in Moscow a norm protecting the interests of owners of non-residential premises.
The editor of the decree, the head of the Duma commission on urban economy and housing policy, Stepan Orlov, explained that at the proposal of United Russia, the recall indicated the need to provide owners of non-residential premises in the demolished five-story buildings of equivalent premises or 100% monetary compensation based on the market value of the premises.
During the discussion of this amendment earlier, the Chairman of the Moscow City Duma Commission on Urban Planning, State Property and Land Use Sergei Zverev noted that the law "On the Status of the Capital" should specify a mechanism for compensating business losses from the demolition of the old five-story building. "For small and medium businesses, the location of the premises often plays a decisive role. And this factor must be taken into account in the law. Every entrepreneur must decide for himself what is better for him to get a room or choose the possibility of monetary compensation. This will not only not lose, but also give additional impetus to the development of small businesses in the city ", - said S. Zverev.
The director, the head of the retail real estate department at ILM, Yegor Levchenko, agrees with this position. But not quite sure that even the changes will protect the owners of "non-residential".
"In accordance with the text, the owners must receive equivalent, not equivalent real estate, which means possible losses for the owner upon receipt of a replacement. It implies equal footage, but not equal value of the object. If in apartments the difference is not so significant relative to the prices of residential real estate, on the premises of a shopping destination, the cost of the same square in one area may differ by 2-3 times depending on the traffic of people and cars, ”the expert comments.
According to his estimates, approximately 30% of the buildings planned for demolition have non-residential premises. This is about 2,000 homes. And if we take into account that in some houses there are several non-residential premises used by the business, then it can be calculated that the program will affect the interests of 2 to 10 thousand owners of non-residential funds. Even if we imagine that all owners will take advantage of the right to compensation, where in the city can we get so many free non-residential premises?
Moreover, these changes may have a positive impact on the commercial component of the premises, the expert believes.
"New construction will lead to a much higher population density, since the height of modern buildings significantly exceeds five floors, and the layouts of the buildings will be focused on" equivalent "housing relative to current footage in five-story buildings," he recalled. Higher density - more clientele.
Concerns from the point of view of business cause the lack of a legal basis for the relationship of owners with their long-term tenants to an expert. "Residents are offered a decoration, and tenants do not fit into the basic offers." Who compensates them for the loss? Especially if the stores are open recently and the costs are far from payback ", - notes E.Levchenko.
The expert summarizes that the issue of "resettlement" of owners of non-residential premises requires special attention from the city and federal authorities, because the business, especially small, makes a significant contribution to the city's economy.
Recall that the city authorities have announced the complete elimination of the five-story apartment fund. The new program will affect about 8 thousand houses, where 1.6 million Muscovites live. Preliminary lists of homes for inclusion in the housing renovation program will be made by early May.
Published on www.realty.interfax.ru